This book deals with the establishment and expansion of British rule. It begins by explaining the Carnatic Wars and the Battle of Plassey right up until the enactment of the Charter Act of 1813. This Charter divested the East India Company of its monopoly over the commerce with England, and opened the chapter of India’s ‘de-industrialization’ through free trade. The monograph examines the military and other causes of British success and the cost of that success that the Indian people had to bear. A long chapter is devoted to the construction of British colonial administration, from which all Indian elements were, by stages, weeded out. Extracts from sources enliven the narrative. In addition, there are important notes on military technology, the ‘subsidiary alliance’ system, organization of the Company’s ‘civil service’ and the construction of ‘colonial knowledge’ about India.