Simple Folk


Author: Guerra Junqueiro
Translated by Olivinho Gomes

TBD00182 | PB | pp. 72 | 1994 | Konknni Sorospot Prakashan

Simple Folk is a collection of poetry in which Guerra Junquiero is enamored with the simplicity of rural and pastoral life.

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Abilio Manuel de Guerra Junqueiro (1850-1923) or simply Guerra Junqueiro, as he was popularly known, the iconoclast of a revolutionary poet, who turned the head of an entire generation with his lyricism of moving musicality and contributed to the collapse of the monarchy with his scorching alexandrine stanzas, was born in Freixo de Espada a Cinta, near Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, on 15th September, 1850. Left an orphan of mother at the tender age of three and brought up in a rather disoriented atmosphere bereft of definite spiritual moorings, he gave free rein to his flights of imagination and was seduced by atheist and pantheistic theories then in the air.

Broadly three stages can be mapped out in the development of the poet’s art. The first of it, is pervaded by an intense emotional lyricism but its philosophical and literary orientation is not yet well defined. His literary debut is made by “Mysticae Nuptiae” (1866), a collection of romantic poems with traces of pantheism and predeliction for antitheses is an example of this. The second phase beign that of social satire. SOm,e of his works during this phase included “Musa em Ferias” and “A Velhice do Padre Eterno”.

“Os Simples” (Simple Folk) makrs the development of the poet’s third and last phase. He then renounces the dangour of his rattling satirical sabres and enamours himself of the simplicity of rural and pastoral life. An omimous calm appears to have descended on the veteran warrior and he rejoices in elemental spontaneous emotion, simple descriptions and rustic scenery of lively loveliness, with, however, pantheistic effusions of eddies muddying its purity.

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Guerra Junqueiro
Translator: Olivinho Gomes





Year of Publication:



Konknni Sorospot Prakashan





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About the Author

Olivinho Gomes M. A Ph. D, born in 1943 at Santo Estevam, Ilhas, Goa, India, has been a member of the higher Civil Service in India, (1970-87) and of the Executive Board of the Sahitya Akademi, the National Academy of Letters, New Delhi, (1988-92), and distinguished himself as a creative writer, poet, critic, translator and broadcaster, as well as a scholar in literature, history, sociology etc. with over 20 books to his credit, several of which have won literary awards including two Goa Academy of Arts Awards, the Goa State Award for Literature, 1986 and the Sahitya Akademi National Prize for Translation, 1993.


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